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Evolution

Ohhh, Professor Rights, you've got yourself in a real pickle this time! I knew I should have sent one of the newer model Knowbots to do this report for me. 

Maybe a cuppa' will calm me down, yes. I'll share today's article with you while I let my tea brew. 

Evolution is the scientific theory that explains how living things change over a long period, and how they have come to be the way they are.

Apparently, the simplest forms of life arose at least 3.5 billion years ago! One type of evidence of evolution comes from fossils, or the remains of living things preserved in the ground or under water.

Nobody is one hundred percent sure of where humans came from. Many scientists agree (after much study), that humans probably came from primates like monkeys, gorillas or chimpanzees. The reason for primates to gradually evolved into humans was to survive in their surroundings.

Individuals with characteristics most suited to their environment in which they live are more likely to survive and reproduce. The genes that allow the individual to strive are predominantly passed on to the offspring in the next generation. Individual elements of the species that are poorly adapted to their environment are less likely to survive.

Okay kids, my tea is ready now. I hope that helps you understand a bit more about where everything came from. I'll let you know when I make it back to base in one, maybe two pieces.

Take Care!

GLOSSARY
Theory - ​an idea designed to explain something. 
Primate ​- a group of mammals that includes monkeys, apes and humans.
Characteristics ​- the qualities of something that make it unique, such as blue eyes.
Reproduce ​- to breed and produce offspring. 
Offspring ​- the children of an animal or human. 
Generation ​- a group of people born around the same time.

FACTS
1. British born Charles Darwin is known as the father of evolution as he introduced the theory of evolution.
2. Every living thing can trace its ancestry to a bacterium that lived billions of years ago. 
3. Whales evolved from being land animals to ocean creatures by developing a blowhole, their legs became flippers, their bodies became more streamlined and flukes were developed.

QUIZ
1. Around how long ago did the simplest forms of life arise?
2. What is one type of evidence used to study evolution?
3. Who is considered the father of evolution?
4. Whales developed from land animals – true or false?
5. What genes are passed on to the offspring in the next generation?

ACTIVITIES
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