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Human Beings

Hello kids, Professor Rights here. Deary me, I'm too old and squeaky to be trekking through the jungle, so I've brought along a friend to help me out.

I thought it would be best if we went all the way back to the beginning, starting with dinosaurs… Too far Professor, too far! Captain Wild is the animal expert, remember!

OK, where were we? Humans, like you, belong to the primate mammal group. The most distinct primate features are large brains, forward-facing eyes, and fingers with nails. Other primates include lemurs, monkeys, and apes such as gibbons, chimps, and gorillas. There are smaller ‘tribes’ within the primate mammal group, but humans belong to the Homini tribe. Scientists think there were a few different species in the Homini tribe at some points in history, but humans are the only ones left today. The Latin name for the human species is Homo Sapiens, which means “wise man”.

The earliest human-like animals evolved from ape-like creatures around 5 to 8 million years ago. Ooww, I thought I was ancient! The first Homo Sapiens came out of Africa around 80,000 years ago and spread to Asia and Europe. And from then till now, they’ve slowly changed. Humans have developed legs suitable for walking upright, smaller teeth and jaws, and a decrease in both overall body size and brain size. But don’t worry, humans are still sophisticated enough to learn plenty of knowledge!

Humans have developed into the most advanced species on Earth. They have better mental abilities than other species and have the power to speak in a way other species can’t. Humans also use tricky tools (like computers and cars and washing machines!) and can change their environment. In other words, they can build shelters and fires, make clothing, create languages, and form complex social relationships and structures. These are all signs of human intelligence.

I love how each human is so unique. It’s truly amazing! 

Increase your knowledge by completing these activities.

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1. THE FIRST PRIMATES APPEARED ABOUT 75 MILLION YEARS AGO
2. A HUMAN PELVIS IS SHORTER AND WIDER THAN A GORILLA'S, ALLOWING HUMANS TO STAND UPRIGHT
3. HOMO SAPIENS HAVE ALWAYS USED FIRE AS A TOOL