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Berlin Wall: 30 Years on

Posted on 13 November 2019

Over the weekend, leaders from across Europe met in Berlin to celebrate 30 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall. German Chancellor Angela Merkel led the celebrations, commenting that the occasion was a reminder that Europe needs to continue to defend things like freedom and democracy. 

"The values that Europe is based on – freedom, democracy, equality, rule of law, human rights – these are not to be taken for granted," she said. "We always have to defend them.

"In the future, Europe will [continue to] be fighting for human rights, tolerance and democracy. This is a time of global changes, so this is a pressing issue." 

The Berlin Wall was a huge concrete barrier that divided East and West Berlin between 1961 and 1989. On one side, East Berlin was basically a communist state where people were very poor. On the western side, people lived with a lot more freedom. When the wall came down on 9 November 1989, the city and country were reunified. Today, you can see where the Berlin Wall once stood in various parts of the city.